|Ecclesiastical allegories of Christianity and Judaism|
Although in the early Middle Ages ‘otherness’ had largely been defined in terms of language, custom, law, or religion, by the fourteenth century other features emerge as the basis of group identity, creating a seemingly insurmountable obstacles to assimilation and acculturation. These new constructions of ‘otherness’ may help explain the deteriorating status of Jewish and Muslim communities in Europe, which led to the eventual expulsion from most lands in Christendom of those who refused baptism. Even baptism, however, could not wash away this newly established sense of difference: in Spain after 1492 Moriscos and Conversos (i.e. recent Muslim and Jewish converts to Christianity) remained under suspicion and were subject to discrimination under a series of statutes relating to purity of blood, perhaps anticipating modern racial conceptions. While ‘otherness’ can be examined across a number of disciplines (such as history, philosophy, theology, canon law, literature, and art history), the experience of Jews remains paradigmatic (UTC).
|Rowe: "Keeping Jews in their Place"|
Perhaps. Yet, Replacement Theology was definitely not vanilla:
|Initial "Q," Homily of Bede of Verdun, 13th century|
Théologie de la substitution
Teología de la Suplantación
Individuo y otredad